Even after your pimples and acne has healed, it often leaves behind hideous marks in dark brown, pink or red colours which are referred to as post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation (PIH). These spots are a result of your skin’s reaction to injury or trauma which causes inflammation. PIH may fade over the time but it is quite difficult to treat.
Treatments for Post Inflammatory Hyperpigmentation (PIH)
Before starting the treatment, it is essential that the cause of PIH should be under control or removed. For instance, in the case of acne, before you begin with the PIH treatment your acne should be treated first. Otherwise, the appearance of new pimples would leave behind another PIH mark, which will reduce the hyperpigmentation treatment effectiveness.
Ensure to wear sunscreen on a daily basis as sunlight may increase the discolouration while increasing the course of hyperpigmentation treatment. Remember that whichever option you choose for the PIH treatment, it takes persistence and time before it starts improving so think about the treatment in terms of months and not weeks.
When you have the cause of your pigmentation under control, you can start undertaking the treatment. There are several options to choose from but your cosmetic doctor or dermatologist would suggest the one or combination in accordance with the type of your pigmentation issue. For more information visit http://www.cosmedocs.com/treatments/hyperpigmentation-skin-treatment.php
Here are some useful options for improving hyperpigmentation.
- Alpha Hydroxy Acids (AHAs): The AHAs offer a good option for starting the PIH treatment. The glycolic acid is a kind of AHA which has been found especially useful for the purpose. It helps in accelerating the natural process of skin’s exfoliation that helps in improving the PIH.
You can find AHA in numerous OTC creams, serums, cleansers and gels. These are a good choice in case of mild pigmentation. But if you suffer from severe PIH then the stronger strength of AHA is required to improve the condition. AHA Chemical skin peels can be a good choice which has prescription strength glycolic acid.
- Topical retinoids: these are usually prescribed for the patients suffering from acne. They help in clearing acne as well as speed up the rate of cell turnover. The rapid exfoliation of dead skin cells helps in improving PIH. There are topical applications available that are the prescription only medications and have an added advantage of controlling acne.
- Azelaic acid: This is another useful medication which controls acne along with PIH. It helps in reducing inflammation while speeding up the rate of cells turnover. It is also sometimes used along with the glycolic acid or tretinoin. It is also a prescription only medication so you need to consult your dermatologist to get it.
- Chemical skin peels: The chemical skin peel treatment proves to be highly effective in improving PIH. Glycolic skin peels remove the upper layers of dead skin cells which significantly improves the skin’s discoloration. The treatment should only be undertaken from a professional and qualified cosmetic doctor or dermatologist and more than one treatment sessions are required to achieve the desired results. Otherwise, it may lead to further pigmentation.