Many people often get confused about what exactly chemical skin peels are. They think that these are the masks that stick on the surface of the skin like a mask and are peeled off to give a refreshed skin. In actual chemical face peel treatment is something different.
Chemical skin peel treatment is yet another form of skin exfoliation which uses a chemical agent to remove the accumulated layers of dead skin. The acid used in face peel treatment loosens the bonds that exist between the skin cells while dissolving away the dead skin. Unlike the regular facials and facial masks, the acid in chemical face peel penetrates deeper into the skin layers to remove dead cells, depending on the concentration of the acid used.
The commonly used acids for chemical skin peel treatment are Alpha hydroxy acids (AHAs) and Beta hydroxy acids (BHAs). The AHAs are mild in nature and occurs naturally such as lactic, glycolic and mandelic acid. These are the perfect option for the dry and dehydrated skin as they exfoliate skin and improve hydration at the same time. BHAs are bit stronger in strength as compared to AHAs. These penetrate deeper into the skin layer to remove dead cells and impurities from the pores. BHAs such as salicylic acid are usually recommended for treating oily and acne prone skin.
Unlike these naturally occurring acid peels, there are stronger strength peels that penetrate deeper into the dermis skin layer causing skin injury and stimulating a natural wound healing process of the skin. These require long recovery and downtime.
Benefits of chemical face peel
There are multiple benefits which are offered by chemical face peel treatment. When the dead and damaged layer of skin is removed, it shows off a healthy, glowing and fresh skin beneath. Depending on the type of face peel used for skin rejuvenation, they can improve the tone and texture of your skin leaving it soft and smooth. These are also used effectively for the treatment of pigmentation, sun or age spots, lines and wrinkles, acne, acne scars and sun damage. Peels give a youthful radiance and brightness to your face.
Types of chemical peels
There are three main kinds of skin peels which include the following:
- Light or superficial peels: These are mild AHA and BHA peels that have little to no downtime. These are just applied to the skin, left for few minutes and you can see the results. These are little to no skin peeling involved and leave your skin radiant and smooth. This category of face peels is most commonly administered and demanded.
- Medium skin peels: This involves the use of mild concentrations of TCA and requires 5-7 days of recovery period until the skin completely peels off and the side effects are settled. This kind is less commonly used and is suitable for treating sun damage, lines and wrinkles and pigmentation.
- Deep skin peels: These are the strongest type of skin face peel that uses stronger concentrations of TCA or Phenol which penetrate deeper into dermis causing a second-degree skin burn. These require months of recovery period while skin visibly peels off or flakes away.